This site uses affiliate links, meaning that if you make a purchase through our links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

If you are planning on visiting Egypt, then, I am sure that the Great Pyramids of Giza are on top of your Egypt bucket list. They are the most magnificent structures and the most iconic sight in the world. The Great Pyramids of Giza are part of the Giza Pyramid Complex, which is also called the Giza Necropolis. The pyramid complex is vast and visiting it can be overwhelming. Here are my 15 travel-tested tips for visiting the Pyramids of Giza to make it efficient and memorable!

Before we dive in, make sure to add 10 Epic Things to See and Do at the Pyramids of Giza to your reading list to help you decide what to see and do at the Pyramids of Giza.

Now, with no further delay here are 15 things you need to know before visiting the Pyramids of Giza:

NUMBER 1

Why You Should Visit the Great Pyramids of Giza

I am sure you heard of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only Wonder of the Ancient World still in existence.

Built during the Old Kingdom (c. 2686-2181 BC), specifically, during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty kings, more than 4,000 years ago, the Great Pyramids of Giza give us a glimpse into Egypt’s past.

For me, the Great Pyramids of Giza are the most magnificent structures and the most iconic sight in the world. Both, the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza have been on my list of places to explore for the longest time.

The Pyramids of Giza

Why You Should Visit the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Why You Should Visit the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

The Pyramids of Giza

Why You Should Visit the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

NUMBER 2

Where are the Pyramids of Giza and How to Get There

The Great Pyramids of Giza sit on the Giza Plateau, which is located on the edges of the Western Desert. Specifically, they are positioned approximately 9 km (5 mi) west of the Nile River in the city of Giza and about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Cairo.

The best way to get to the Pyramids of Giza is by having a driver and a guide. This option gives you total flexibility. You can decide how much time you need to see everything at the Pyramids of Giza. Plus, having a knowledgeable guide by your side is priceless!

You can ask your hotel for a bus tour that stops at all major attractions in Cairo. It is probably one of the least expensive options. But, it does not give you much flexibility.

Another option is to just book a taxi and head to the Pyramids of Giza. You will always be able to hire a guide right at the entrance.

Image Source: Map data ©2020 ORION-ME

NUMBER 3

What You Need to Know About the Pyramids of Giza Complex

The Great Pyramids of Giza are part of the Giza Pyramid Complex, which is also called the Giza Necropolis. The Giza Pyramid Complex consists of:

1. Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops

2. Pyramid of Khafre

3. Pyramid of Menkaure

4. Great Sphinx of Giza

5. “Queens” Pyramids

6. Solar Boat Museum

In addition, there are causeways, valley pyramids, several cemeteries, and the remains of a workers’ village

The Great Pyramid of Giza

Map of the Pyramids of Giza Complex / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Image Source: Wikipedia

NUMBER 4

Who Built the Pyramids

The pyramids were constructed during the period of the Old Kingdom, also known as the “Age of the Pyramids” or the “Age of Pyramid Builders (c. 2686-2181 BC). Specifically, they were built during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty Pharaohs.

The Pharaohs: Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure erected the Pyramids of Giza.

Interestingly, the pyramid building project was started with the Step Pyramid in Saqqara during the reign of the Third Dynasty Pharaohs. Specifically, the Step Pyramid was built for the burial of Pharoah Djoser.

In addition, King Sneferu, the founding pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, was the first one who attempted to build smooth-sided pyramids at Dahshur.

A Quick Read: 

Were the Pyramids of Giza built by slaves?

The ancient Greeks believed the pyramids were built with a massive slave labor force.

However, Miroslav Verner, in his book The Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture, and Science of Egypt’s Great Monuments, argues that the pyramids were not only built by humans—instead of aliens or gods—but they were constructed by tradesmen and artisans whose skills were in high demand and who were paid wages and organized under a complex bureaucracy. Source: Open Culture

In addition, Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass claim that 20,000-30,000 skilled laborers, including stone masons, engineers, architects, surveyors, builders, and other craftsmen, were conscripted to construct Khufu’s temple, while a more significant force of workers was summoned during the summer months when the Nile flooded the surrounding valley and integrated with the permanent labor force.

The Pyramids of Giza

Who Built the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 5

Why Were the Pyramids of Giza Built

Pharaohs held a special position in Egyptian society. It was a status of a being that combined both human and divine characteristics. As a result, this godlike status was held even after death

First of all, the pharaoh’s body was mummified and then buried in elaborate tombs, like pyramids.

Mummification was a necessary process since the Egyptians believed that the mummified body served as a home of the three spirits: ka, ba, and akh.

Ka was essentially a person’s double. It was the life force and at death it was separated from the body. However, it was important that after the pharaoh’s death ka had a home as well as be properly nourished and cared for. It was important that the deceased body would resemble the living body as much as possible so that ka, which was free to roam around and then return, could recognize his body.

That is the reason why each tomb would contain absolutely anything that they might need and what would help them in their afterlife.

Interestingly, if the body was destroyed, or the name of the pharaoh was erased, like in the case of a sad story of Pharaoh Hatshepsut, then ka would be lost.

NUMBER 6

How Were the Pyramids Built

There are many theories on how the Pyramids of Giza were built.

  • Some reports claim that the pyramids were built by either dragging, rolling, and then lifting the huge blocks into place.
  • Some theories suggest that a system of ramps had to have been constructed for maneuvering the huge blocks.
  • Finally, there are theories that suggest that wooden and bronze levers were used to intricately position the stones into their place. These are all speculations.
Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

How Were the Pyramids of Giza Built / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 7

What Are the Most Fascinating Facts About the Pyramids

  • I think that the most fascinating fact that I came across was made by Robert Bauval in his book Orion Correlation Theory: 

Bauval claimed that the three Pyramids of Giza are aligned exactly like the three stars of the Orion Belt: Alnilam (Epsilon Orionis), Alnitak (Zeta Orionis), and Mintaka (Delta Orionis). He reported that the layout of the pyramids and their relative sizes were a deliberate design plan.

It is a controversial theory and has been criticized by Ed Krupp of Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles, and Anthony Fairall, an astronomy professor at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Fascinating theories about the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Fascinating theories about the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

  • Another interesting observation that I came across was the fact that the Great Pyramid at Giza’s latitude, 29.9792458°N, perfectly matches up to the speed of light, which is 299,792,458 meters per second. It is a fascinating fact!

And as some are claiming that the ancient Egyptians had some greater knowledge of the speed of light, space travel, and, potentially, advanced alien spaceships.

  • The mystery that still puzzles the scientists is whether or not mortar was used to attach the stones to each other.

How is it possible that some of the blocks are so perfectly matched that not even human hair can be inserted between them? Why, despite the existence of millions of tons of stone, carved presumably with copper chisels, has not one copper chisel ever been found on the Giza Plateau?

  • Another interesting theory that I read about suggested that the Pyramids of Giza were once covered in a white casing made of highly polished limestone blocks which reflected the sun’s rays.

The pyramid’s angled sides symbolized the rays of the sun and were designed to help the pharaoh’s soul to ascend to heaven and join the sun god Ra. The theory goes on and claims that the casings slowly disappeared after becoming loosened by earthquakes and crumbling to rubble or being cut loose and taken to build other structures.

  • Another fascinating discovery that you should be aware of is that although at the first sight, the Great Pyramid of Giza appears to have four sides, in reality, it has eight sides.

Each of the four sides of the pyramids is evenly split from base to tip. The discovery goes back to 1940 when a pilot named Robert Marsland Groves while flying over it noticed the indentations.

These are all interesting speculations and it is fun to read about them. It just shows how little we know about the ancient Egyptians and how much more we still need to learn about them.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

Fascinating facts about the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 8

What to See and Do at the Pyramids of Giza: 10 Epic Things You Can't Miss

How do you decide what to see and do at the Great Pyramids of Giza?

Make sure to read my post 10 Epic Things to See and Do at the Pyramids of Giza to find out all the details. This bucket list contains 10 of the best experiences you can have at the Giza Pyramid Complex. It will help you to get a sense of this incredible place and all the treasures it holds.

Following is a short list to get you started:

  • See the Great Pyramid of Giza – the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramids at the Giza Pyramid Complex.
  • Go Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza – for an additional fee, on top of the entrance ticket to the Great Pyramid Complex, you can go inside either the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre, and/or the Pyramid of Menkaure.
  • See the Pyramid of Khafre – the Pyramid of Khafre is the second tallest and second largest of the Pyramids of Giza. However, if you look at it, it appears to be taller than the Great Pyramid.
  • See the Pyramid of Menkaure – the Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza. Did you know that at the end of the twelfth-century al-Malek al-Aziz Othman ben Yusuf, Saladin‘s son and heir, attempted to demolish the pyramids, starting with that of Menkaure? Despite their efforts, workmen were only able to damage the pyramid to the extent of leaving a large vertical gash at its northern face.
  • Be Amazed by the Great Sphinx of Giza – I have to honestly say that when I saw the Great Sphinx of Giza, it literally took my breath away! Did you know that a sphinx is a mythical creature with a head of a human, a cat, or a sheep, with the body of a lion with the wings of an eagle?
  • Go on a Camel Ride – hands down, go on a camel ride. It is part of the experience! Negotiate the prices before you get on the camel. I suggest that you ask to ride the camel to the Panoramic Spot and have your pictures taken there. Read all about it here.
The Pyramids of Giza

What to See at the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 9

Can You Climb on the Pyramids

You cannot climb the pyramids. However, I saw tourists tipping the guards and climbing on the pyramids.

Please do not do it. Let’s make as little of an impact as possible and save the pyramids for future generations.

NUMBER 10

What to Wear When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

  • There is no set dress code or specific restrictions on what you can or cannot wear while visiting the Pyramids of Giza. The bottom line, you can wear whatever you want. However, keep in mind that Egypt is a conservative country. So, with that being the case, cover up your body and be respectful. Skip tank tops or tube tops and short shorts.
  • In addition, since you will be outside most of the time, I would suggest that you wear a hat and a sun shirt to protect yourself.
  • Needless to say, wear comfortable and sturdy shoes. You will be doing a lot of walking.
  • Finally, keep in mind that you will be in an open area that gets very windy and it is very dusty! It is a good idea to bring a scarf and cover up your nose and mouth. Each year, around April and May, the Khamsin winds loaded with sand hit Egypt. The winds take a toll on the Great Pyramids of Giza, but especially weathered is the body of the Great Sphinx of Giza which is carved out of a softer layer of limestone.

NUMBER 11

How Much Does it Cost to Visit the Pyramids

  • The entrance ticket to the Giza Plateau costs 200 EGP per adult and 100 EGP for a student (with a valid ID).
  • The entrance ticket to go inside the Great Pyramid of Giza costs 400 EGP, the Pyramid of Khafre costs 100 EGP, and the Pyramid of Menkaure is also 100 EGP.
  • The entrance ticket to the Solar Boat Museum costs 100 EGP.
  • Consider buying the combo ticket, which includes the entrance to the Giza Plateau, the entrance to the Great Pyramid of Giza, and the entrance to the Solar Boat Museum. The combo ticket costs 600 EGP.
  • Included in your ticket is a free visit to the middle pyramid of the three satellite pyramids of the Queen of Cheops.
The Pyramids of Giza

How Much Does It Cost to Visit the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 12

What Are the Opening Hours of the Pyramids of Giza

The Giza Plateau Archaeological Site opens every day between 8 am and 5 pm from October to March, and from 7 am to 7 pm every day between April and September.

My recommendation is to get there as early as possible. The tour buses start arriving between 9:30 am and 10 am and needless to say, it gets very crowded. You will get lucky if you manage to take a picture without any tourists in them.

NUMBER 13

How Long Does it Take to Visit the Pyramids of Giza Complex

My recommendation is to reserve a minimum of 3-4 hours. It is a bare minimum.

First of all, it is a huge site. It takes time to walk from pyramid to pyramid. Next, if you decide to go inside the Great Pyramid of Giza, you will need at least an hour to do it.

Moreover, if you are going to visit the Solar Boat Museum, then you need at least an hour to see the boat. Finally, if you go on a camel ride, then add another hour. Plus, you need time to take a ton of pictures!

So, do not rush it. Take your time. Find a quiet spot and soak it all in! Who knows when you are going to be back.

The Pyramids of Giza

How Long Does It Take to Visit the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

NUMBER 14

What Is the Best Time to Visit the Pyramids

Get to the Giza Pyramid Complex as early as possible. First of all, you will avoid the crowds that usually swarm the place by about 9:30 am.

Second, if you are visiting during the summer months, then getting to Giza early will save you from the scorching heat.

If you are visiting during the winter months then make sure to go in the afternoon. There is usually a pretty dense fog that has a tendency to linger on in the morning during winter months and obscures the views.

NUMBER 15

Where to Stay When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

I stayed at Marriot Mena House in Giza and it was fabulous!

Unfortunately, at the time of my stay, all the rooms with views of the pyramids were going through renovation. I was hoping that each morning I would be waking up to the sight of the Great Pyramid of Giza, but no such luck. However, the minute I stepped out of my room, I was greeted with the most amazing views of the pyramids.

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Where to Stay When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Where to Stay When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

The buffet breakfast, which I enjoyed every morning, offered endless possibilities and the food presentation was top-notch. By the way, after you have your breakfast, get your cup of coffee and go to the outdoor patio area and enjoy your coffee there while admiring the views.

I honestly have to say that the rooms are fair size, clean, and nicely decorated. Above all, the customer service is outstanding! They will absolutely go out of their way to make your stay perfect.

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Where to Stay When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Where to Stay When Visiting the Pyramids of Giza / Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza 

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Intrepid Scout's Most important Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

  • If you are visiting the Pyramids of Giza during the summer months, get to the Pyramid Complex as early as possible or late in the afternoon to escape the crowds. The tour buses arrive at about 9:30 am and leave at about 3 pm. If you are visiting during the winter months, make sure to schedule your tour in the afternoon. There is usually a dense fog or haze in the morning which obscures the view.
  • Use entrance # 1 as marked on the map. Entrance # 2 is very narrow and always jam-packed with tourists and locals.
  • Do not skip the Solar Boat Museum. The reconstructed boat is a sight to see!
  • Go on a camel ride. It is part of the experience.
  • Take the time and walk to the Panoramic Spot. You will be able to take amazing pictures.

Find out how to get to the Panoramic Spot at the Pyramids of Giza here.

Traveling in Egypt can be challenging, even for the most seasoned nomad. There’s so much to know about Egypt and consider before planning a trip, however, make sure to read 14 Egypt travel tips, to help you make the most of your time,  avoid possible challenges, and ensure you have a safe and enjoyable stay in Egypt.

14 Egypt Travel Tips to Save You Time, Money, and Keep You Safe

Now, It Is Your Turn, I Would Like to Hear Back from You!

Are you planning a visit to the Pyramids of Giza?

Please let me know! Drop me a quick comment right below!

Click on any of the images below to get inspired and to help you with the planning process for your trip to Egypt!

Did You Find This Useful?

Why Not Save Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza to Your Pinterest Board!

Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza
Tips for Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Leave an answer

Your email address will not be published.

The company processes your data to facilitate the publication and management of comments. You can exercise your rights of access, rectification, deletion and objection, among others, according to our Privacy policy.